My research began by researching the pure history of this community. As the organisation is focused on reminding of it and the causes they continue to fight for. In my research I stumbled across a book from Nicholas Bamforth published in 1997 which displayed how hard the lives of these communities were fighting with the law. Before the end of the 19th century there were hardly any voices raised. People who were feeling different were not allowed to display it. When finally the question was raised during Hitler’s times even if it was with bad objective. Those people were tortured and were treated as rapists. After the Second World War those who remained wanted to be treated normally. But even if law reforms measures are justifiable in the interest of equality they have many weaknesses and they were used against them. The law system had may holes and was seen by both sides as power to overcome each other and soon in Germany – Berlin 1897 LGBT communities were given voice with the founding of Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in Berlin and in 1914 the British Society for the Study of Sex Psychology was founded by Edward Carpenter and Havelock Ellis for both promotional and educational purposes. Strengthening their positions the people desired the repeal of Paragraph 175 of the Imperial Penal Code in 1994 which was a provision of the German Criminal Code which made homosexual acts between males a crime, and in early revisions the provision also criminalized bestiality as well as forms of prostitution and underage sexual abuse. The leader of the movement was Magnus Hirschfeld.
But still the the AIDS fear remained strengthen by the media resolving in 1980 anti-gay backlash when republican Louie Welch was heard to say during a TV dispute for the LGBT communities – “One of them is to shoot the queers.”. In 1988 Local Government Act section 28 was changed from “illegal-but-discussed”, to “legal-but-not-always approved”. Due to the intolerance in 1994 the parliamentary debated on the age of consent criminal justice and public order act.What was seen as the strong discriminatory effect of existing law was stressed repeatedly by reform-minded MPs’. The firs concern – whether the criminal law should permit sexual relations and sexual contacts between persons of the same sex, and if so under what circumstances. Second the degree of tolerance which the state is prepared to accord lesbians and gay morally. Because of the sado-masochistic thoughts that these communities were associated with trough the media there in the last 40y there were a lot of ups and downs.
I also found a survey on (www.britannica.com) which presented how these people were treated in more present days.
- Nationwide survey – in Brittan 35%victims of an attack, 16,5% hit.1995y
- Service providers estimate that 20 to 40 percent of homeless youth may be LGBTQ. According to one study, 50 percent of gay teens experienced a negative reaction from their parents when they came out and 26 percent were kicked out of their home.
- Higher levels of family rejection during adolescence have been linked to negative health outcomes for LGBTQ youth.
- In one nationwide survey, 84.6 percent of LGBTQ students reported being verbally harassed, 40.1 percent reported being physically harassed and 19 percent reported being physically assaulted at school in the past year because of their sexual orientation.
- 29.1 percent of LGBTQ students missed a class and 30 percent missed a day of school in the past month because they felt unsafe in their school. LGBTQ who experienced more frequent harassment had lower grade point averages than those who were harassed less frequently.
That is what I found during my first week and presented to my tutors. The next step was to focus on one topic which will differentiate from the others. At first I was thinking for the most easiest way to view the topic Law and Citizenship. The Greek godes of justice Temida and her symbols and hands helping each other.
Or even more thing as the hammer and the book.
I thought about putting the two faces of the creators of the first English Study of the topic place, but nobody would have understood it.
I was also inspired by the African LGBT movement and their way of displaying it with masks, but it was too limited to a place. Because nobody had researched Paragraph 175 and it was a big historical event, perfectly displaying how citizenship can redirect law.
For me that ideas was really strong and I wanted to present it trough my firs badge.
They were rebels because thy wanted to be safe and they were united. The only way to present their opinions was trough mass protests, so I made the main layout as a slogan.
After showing it around I saw that people did not fully understand my idea and after listening to their thoughts I went back to the first faze to recreate new more simpler idea. I made some sketches using the hammer and the book, some other symbols that poppet up love, fight, scales. and after representing my ideas in the second presentation I listened to my tutor and my colleagues advices to continue with the book and the slogan and that there was something interesting going on to the hammer. So I made all of them to a more finishes stages during the next week : So I presented them on the third presentation on which the client had come to see the results. Only The slogan and the hammer past to the final stage and and with slight changes that I had to do. And I also did some research on how expensive will it be for the badges to be produced as the old enamel ones because it will make it look more valuable because it will be more heavy and it will remind of a brooch.
Finishing the task we had to present our works as a design poster including information how we reached our finals and the finals themselves.
The idea of the badge came as we were discussing how we should not put objects that are too simple and easy to understand because people would not be interested in them. The idea was for as to be able to make creatively rich designs.
Of course as much as this is true there can be some faults to the theory. By creating works that are complex and beautiful we risk to end up with meaningless for the spectators designs. That is why I created a badge converting the most simple and associated with law and citizenship representatives, a judge hammer and equality sign.
My intentions for the badge were to be easily recognizable from distance and to differentiate from the usually seen badges. Which guided me to create simple outfit of the badge leading me to the not so common shape and the white background which made it possible for the colors to stand out.
Looking through history LGBT communities, especially in Europe, have not been sees with good eyes before the end of the 19th century. As law reform measures are justifiable in the interest of equality, and for it, have many weaknesses it has been broadly used by those with power.
The firs contributed success was in Germany – Berlin when in 1897 with the founding of Scientific-Humanitarian Committee. But the fight was far from over and the next intent was the repeal of Paragraph 175 of the Imperial Penal Code (formally known as §175 StGB). It was a provision of the German Criminal Code from 15 May 1871 to 10 March 1994 which made homosexual acts between males a crime.
Because I was interested in how the whale movement began I decided to recreate the emblem of the movement on a slogan as a symbol of the fights against the inappropriate way that law has been used. I created two hands inside the paragraph symbol to represent the unified force of the people and the citizenship.
After finishing all that we are at the final stage where we wait for results.
Bamforth, Nicholas. Sexuality, Morals And Justice. London: Cassell, 1997. Print.